Even if the owner of a dog maintains regularly, it has neither the experience nor the technical means for the veterinary detect misstatements or symptoms. For example, heart disease early in evolution is often diagnosed on auscultation.
An annual checkup is recommended and is usually performed during the immunization visit.
The reviews may vary and are at the discretion of the veterinarian and may include the following steps:
History of the Dog
The veterinarian collects a variety of information on the dog, especially the unusual items that the owner would have noted since the last visit. It is important that it reports all observed changes, even if they seem trivial to him. The practitioner also checks that the dog is properly breathing.
In France, 30 to 40% of dogs are overweight. Weighing to check if the dog is the correct weight for its size.
Gain or weight loss may indicate that the power is no longer suitable, but can also indicate certain diseases.
An increased temperature may be particularly infectious process, in this case, vaccination is usually postponed.
Review of fur and skin
The vet checks the quality of the hair and inspect the skin depilated areas, pigmented signs of dermatitis, seborrhea, dander, skin mass, noise, etc..
Lesions (redness of the conjunctiva, lacrimation modified, abnormal appearance of the cornea, lens opaque, etc.) Can be detected.
In this case, additional tests are usually performed (measurement of tear production, research and corneal ulcers, fund-us examination, measurement of intraocular pressure, etc..).
Examination of the mouth
It focuses in particular on the teeth, with an evaluation of the degree of calcification and its consequences (gingivitis, loose teeth or mobile), the vet can then advise scaling. Possible oral mucosal lesions (mass, ulcers, etc.) are also sought.
Their size and regularity are appreciated: testicular tumors can indeed be met and are more common in older dogs.
This palpation aims to search for signs of abdominal pain, the presence of an infra-abdominal mass, abnormal organ size.
Pulmonary and cardiac auscultation
The heart and lung auscultation used to find abnormal sounds (heart murmur, respiratory rales, etc.) And assess the frequency and heart rate.
In older dogs, the veterinarian may suggest further tests: blood test for diabetes, renal or hepatic failure, etc.
If chronic or progressive disease was identified previously, it may be desirable to bring the balance visits to monitor, assess the effectiveness of treatments. Specific tests may be useful: measurement of uremia in chronic renal failure, chest X-ray for a heart dog, etc.