Typhus (feline panleukopenia)
This contagious disease caused by a feline parvovirus has become rare due to vaccination. It is always encountered in unvaccinated cats living in community.
The main symptoms are depression, loss of appetite and gastroenteritis and can result in death if treatment is symptomatic done quickly.
Kittens from an infected mother during pregnancy may have a nervous form incurable. Vaccination is recommended from the age of 2 months.
Typhus is listed fatal flaws of the cat.
Infectious coryza cat
This highly contagious disease is caused by several viruses. Transmission is direct.
The main symptoms are rhinitis (“hay”), conjunctivitis and oral inflammation. Eye and respiratory complications are possible in kittens or immuno compromised, the outcome can be fatal.
The support consists of antibiotics and local care.
Healing can occur in 8-10 days, but the effects are not uncommon. Infected cats continue to shed the virus long after healing.
Vaccination is strongly recommended.
Feline leukemia or FeLV (Feline leukemia virus)
Feline leukemia is a contagious viral disease-specific chat.
The virus is present in the blood and excreted in the tears, saliva, feces, urine, milk. Very resistant in the environment, contamination therefore requires direct contact is not systematic. Contamination occurs during fights, sex or from mother to kitten who is very susceptible to infection.
After infection, the virus is sometimes eliminated, but most often will multiply. This silent phase can last several years before the onset of the disease.
Eventually, the virus causes a decrease in the immune system, causing multiple infections, tumor forms are also common.
The diagnosis relies on a blood test.
When the disease is declared, death is inevitable; care consists of treating the symptoms and opportunistic diseases.
Vaccination is strongly recommended for cats that out. A preliminary test is necessary because if the cat is infected, vaccination is unnecessary.
Rabies is a contagious viral disease. Many species of mammals can be infected, including humans.
The virus is shed in the saliva of infected, contamination is generally bite and the incubation period is short cats (<30 days). When the virus reaches the brain, it causes encephalomyelitis, causing various symptoms. A silent form (most common) and a furious form are described in the cat. Death is systematic and occurs within a few days.
France has been declared free of rabies in 2001, vaccination of cats is no longer mandatory but is recommended if it is likely to go abroad.
Chlamydia is a contagious disease caused by a bacterium (Chlamydia psittaci).
This disease mainly affects kittens communities. Adults may be carriers.
Symptoms in young cats are purulent conjunctivitis and rhinitis, but respiratory and digestive complications are possible. Antibiotic treatment is administered by local and general way.
Death occurs in 30% of cases or healing occurs in 3 to 4 weeks, but relapses are frequent.
Effective vaccination is recommended.