The whole of the body’s control center is within the brain which controls the nervous system, including the spinal cord and a large network of nerves and neurons. Brain disorders can affect your memory, your sensation, and even your personality. The symptoms and severity of disorders are vast for a broad category of disorders.
Here is the list of some common brain disorders:
1. Brain injuries
Brain injuries are usually caused by a trauma that affects brain tissue, neurons, and nerves. Due to this, the brain’s ability to communicate with the rest of the body gets stopped. Some of the brain injuries include:
- Blood clots
- Cerebral edema
The diagnosis of brain injury is done with the help of a CT scan. It uses a series of X-rays to create a detailed view of the brain and uncovers evidence of bleeding in the brain. MRI is also a powerful tool of radio waves and magnets that helps to create a detailed view of the brain.
Treatment is based on the severity of the injury and may include medication, rehabilitation, or brain surgery. For severe brain injuries, surgery is performed to remove or repair damaged tissue. It is efficient to remove blood clots, repair severe skull fractures, stop bleeding in the brain and relieve pressure inside the skull. For minor brain injuries, rehabilitation can decrease the pain which can include –
- physical therapy
- speech and language therapy
2. Brain tumors
tumors forming in the brain are primary tumors that are very dangerous. If there is cancer inside any part of the body and spreads to your brain then it is known as a metastatic brain tumor. Some tumors are malignant or benign. Symptoms of brain tumors depend on the size and location of the tumor. Click here and understand the various scans that can be conducted for brain tumors in detail.
A doctor may suggest several tests and procedures, which may include a neurological exam to get a clue about the specific part of your brain that could be affected by a brain tumor. Even imaging tests like MRI, PET may be done to help the doctor evaluate the tumor and then plan the treatment.
Treatment for a brain tumor depends on the type, size, and location of the tumor, as well as your overall health and your preferences. If the tumor is accessible for an operation, your surgeon will work to remove as much of the brain tumor as possible. Other than this radiation therapy is used with the help of high-energy beams, such as X-rays or protons, to kill brain tumor cells. It is used to treat cancer that spreads to the brain from some other part of the body and forms multiple tumors in the brain. Chemotherapy drugs like temozolomide can be taken orally in pill form or injected into a vein to treat brain tumors.
3. Neurodegenerative diseases
Neurodegenerative diseases are one form of brain disorders where the brain and nerves deteriorate over a while. It hampers and destroys your brain’s tissue and nerves.
Some common neurodegenerative diseases include:
- Huntington’s disease
- Parkinson’s disease
The diagnosis is largely based on careful clinical assessment with the help of some imaging techniques.
Treatment is neurodegenerative diseases, is none as such but the use of some medications can be used to control its symptoms and maintain quality of life.
4. Mental disorders
Mental disorders are one form of brain ailment that has a diverse group of conditions which generally affect the behavior patterns. Most frequently diagnosed mental disorders are:
- Bipolar disorder
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
Diagnosis will be done based on a physical exam or by a lab test which will check your thyroid function and then a psychologist will evaluate your thoughts, feelings and behaviors patterns.
For mental disorders, basic treatments are medication and psychotherapy. Some prescription psychiatric medications include – Antidepressants, Anti-anxiety medications, Mood-stabilizing medications, Antipsychotic medications, etc.
About The Author:
Anne Kamwila is a freelance content writer and a digital marketer. She is passionate to write on health, technology, and business-related guides, news, and books.