HIV is a virus that has the ability to effects the immune system which is the primary line of defense in the human body. HIV (Human Immuno Virus) is generally spread through specific fluids that affect the immune system.
Its infection results in destroying the T cells, if it is not diagnosed in time, then this virus destroys a lot of these cells. In this case, it is highly difficult for the body to fight with infections and varied other diseases.
When the immune system tends to be extremely weak, the cancers or the infections which are opportunistic attack the body and worsens the health of the infected person.
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What is HIV?
This human immunodeficiency virus can cause the human body to catch AIDS (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) if not diagnosed and treated on time. HIV can always be controlled, and the affected people can survive it with the proper treatment.
Today the treatment can control HIV and make people live the rest of their life healthy, before the introduction of the cure around the 1990s, people with HIV had difficult lives. Getting an HIV test regularly can keep you safe. Early diagnostics of HIV can make your life better.
Where did the Human Immuno Virus come from?
The exact source is still unknown but according to the scientists, the studies state that this virus originated from certain chimpanzees situated in Central Africa. The chimps had the SIV (simian immunodeficiency virus) which mutated into this virus by the humans hunting these animals for meat. By eating the meat of SIV infected chimps, the humans’ blood got infected too and transformed a new virus i.e. Human Immuno Virus. The virus started in Africa and then spread across other countries of the world.
What are the initial symptoms of HIV?
The initial symptoms of HIV are so common that people do not notice them for HIV as they include common cold or mild fever and fatigue. The symptoms usually take one- or two- weeks to last. This is the reason; people do not interpret these as HIV symptoms.
As this virus affects the working of the human immune system, there are several symptoms that can be noticed at its initial stage such as diarrhea, weight loss, fever, oral yeast infection, and fatigue, etc.
The initial symptoms of HIV include the following:
- Night Sweats
- White spots including weird wounds situated in the mouth
- Muscle Soreness
- Bumps or rashes on the skin
- Joint Pain
- Persistent Fever
- Sore Throat
If anyone observes these symptoms, then they should consider booking an appointment with the most trusted and reliable HIV test service provider nearby to your location. The excelling services should be confidentiality make them the best. In India, do not worry about HIV test costs as the prices are highly affordable.
Is HIV curable?
There is no effective cure for HIV until now. But it can be efficiently controlled by the medical procedures. This treatment for this cure is known as ART i.e. antiretroviral therapy. With this treatment, infected people can live an easy life. (See also: How to Get Meds for HIV Treatment)
What are the types of HIV?
HIV-1 and HIV-2 are the two types of Human Immunodeficiency virus. HIV-1 is the most common type with an aggregate of 95% of all infections worldwide.
HIV-2 prevails in a much smaller population and more precisely in West Africa and some parts of India however, cases have also been detected in individuals of West African origin. HIV-2 is more than 55% genetically different from HIV-1 and also has a lower mortality rate than HIV-1. Even though HIV-2 is harder for people to transmit, HIV-1 and HIV-2 can both lead to AIDS.
What are the stages of HIV?
There are three stages of HIV
- Stage 1: Acute HIV infection – within 2 to 4 weeks flu-like illness may be experienced with a large amount of contagious virus present in their blood. An antigen/antibody test is necessary to detect the same.
- Stage 2: Clinical latency – also referred to as chronic HIV infection where HIV simulates at very low levels lasting for a decade or even longer.
- Stage 3: Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) – This is the last stage of HIV where the immune system of a person is severely damaged. AIDS is detected when their CD4 cell count drops below 200 cells/mm and this can be easily transmitted as well.
About The Author:
Amit has proven experience in the Health Care industry. Amit keeps writing about HIV in his free time and keeps himself updated. The guy avid drinker of red wine; self-proclaimed steak expert; all-around cool guy.