Breast Cancer Preventation

Regular visits to the gynecologist, annual mammograms and breast self-examination are the three measures, effective, necessary to prevent breast cancer.

Women between 20 and 35:

  • Breast Self-Exam
  • Annual Gynecological Exam

Women between 35 and 50 years:

  • Breast Self-Exam
  • Annual Gynecological Exam
  • Mammography every 2 years

Women over 50:

  • Breast Self-Exam
  • Annual Gynecological Exam
  • Mammogram every year

The breast self-exam should be done by every woman once a month. For women of childbearing age should be made once a month, preferably one week after menstruation has ended. In postmenopausal women should also be conducted once a month, on a date easy to remember so you do not forget.

In carrying out this examination does not take more than 5 minutes anyone can learn it.

Watch yourself in a mirror breasts. Check that the breast contour is regular, there is no orange peel or secretion of any kind on the nipples. Teats should point in the same direction. Do it now with arms over head.

With hands on hips bend slightly toward the mirror, arching shoulders and elbows. You should look the same as in the previous step.

Lying up, with a pillow under the left shoulder and left arm above the head, repeat the above procedure also exploring armpits collarbones and hollow base of the neck, as sometimes the tumor can begin there.

In the shower: with right hand turns fingers (extended and together) around the left breast in the direction of clockwise. Start from the nipple to cover the entire breast. Do it then up and down and side to side. Repeat this step with the other breast for possible lumps.

See your gynecologist if:

  1.  Change color and texture of the skin
  2. Lumps (nodules)
  3. Hardening, sinking of the nipple or skin
  4. Puckering or redness
  5. Redness or roughness of the nipple
  6. Dark or bloody discharge from the nipple
  7. Enlarged lymph nodes in the armpits
  8. Increased skin venous network
  9. Resizing in one breast.